Course 4: Increase Fish Supply (Synthesis)
Fish, including finfish and shellfish, provide only small percentages of total global calories and protein, but they contribute 17 percent of animal-based protein,69 and are particularly important for more than 3 billion people in developing countries.70 We project fish consumption to rise 58 percent between 2010 and 2050, but the wild fish catch peaked at 94 million tons in the mid-1990s and has since stagnated or perhaps declined.71 This course proposes ways to improve wild fisheries management and raise the productivity and environmental performance of aquaculture.
- 69FAO (2017a).
- 70In 2013–15, fish provided about 3.2 billion people with 20% of their animal protein intake (FAO 2018).
- 71FAO (2017b).
- 72World Bank (2017b).
- 73Sumaila et al. (2010); Sumaila et al. (2012); Sumaila and Rachid (2016).
- 74FAO (2017b).